Verbreitet Constanin Schreiber Fake News und bedient Islamfeindliche Vorurteile?

„Wir haben keinen Einfluss mehr auf den Kontext“, schrieb Internet-Pionier Jaron Lanier in seinem Bestseller „Zehn Gründe, warum du deine Social-Media-Accounts sofort löschen musst“. „Social Media schreddert Bedeutung. Was immer du sagst, gewinnt seine Bedeutung durch die Art und Weise, wie Algorithmen, Gruppen von Menschen und Gruppen von Fake-People – die ebenfalls Algorithmen sind – sie kontextualisieren und mit dem vermengen, was andere Leute sagen.“

Am 15.04.2019 twittert Tagesschau-Moderator Constantin Schreiber, dessen „Moscheereport“ nach Ansicht von Muslimen islamfeindliche Vorurteile bediene: „Arabische Reaktionen zu #notredame : ‚traurig‘ sagen die einen, ‚allahu akbar‘ die anderen.“ Schreiber hat in seinem Tweet vom 15.04.2109 das Zitat von asaad587 aus der arabischen in die lateinische Schrift übertragen:

Quelle: https://twitter.com/ConstSchreiber/status/1117859535480213504

Schreiber verbreitet mit seinem Tweet ein Foto, das die Antwort von asaad587 auf einen Tweet von Al Jazeera über das Feuer in Notre Dame zeigt. asaad587 antwortete Al Jazeera: „allahu akbar“:

Quelle: https://twitter.com/asaad587/status/1117853302987870210


Die von Schreiber zitierte Antwort von asaad587 an Al Jazeera ist ein Zeichen des Entsetzens, ähnlich dem deutschen „Oh mein Gott“. asaad587 reagiert demnach mit Entsetzen auf die Nachricht über den Brand in Notre Dame.

Schreiber zitiert asaad587 zwar korrekt, aber durch das Erschaffen eines neuen Kontexts in Bezug auf das Zitat von asaad587 bedient Schreiber islamfeindliche Vorurteile. Schreiber stellt in seinem Tweet vom 15.04.2019 den Ausruf des Entsetzens „Oh mein Gott“ dem „traurig“ der anderen entgegen. Als ob asaad587 mit Freunde anstatt mit Entsetzen reagiert habe auf die Nachricht über das Feuer in Notre Dame. Zumindest transportiert Schreiber diese Botschaft unterschwellig. Für seinen Tweet vom 15.04.2019 wird Schreiber von mir und anderen Journalisten kritisiert.

asaad587 sagt, daß er bei der von Schreiber zitierten Äußerung keinen bösen Gedanken hatte. Er sage „Oh mein Gott“ zu allen möglichen Anlässen. Das hätte Schreiber auch direkt erfahren können von asaad587, der innerhalb von Stunden auf Nachrichten antwortet.

Am 16.04.2019 twittert Schreiber: „Es kommt bei allahu akbar natürlich auf den Kontext an. Der zitierte User schrieb weiter: مع الزمن سوف تنهار امريكا“.

Quelle: https://twitter.com/ConstSchreiber/status/1118101028883312640


„مع الزمن سوف تنهار امريكا“ twittert asaad587 am 16.04.2019 nicht als Antwort auf die Nachricht über das Feuer in Notre Dame, sondern als Antwort auf einen Tweet von dr_naseer über Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, eine US-amerikanische Politikerin:

Quelle: https://twitter.com/asaad587/status/1117939223968063488

Käme es Schreiber bei der von ihm zitierten Äußerung „allahu akbar“ tatsächlich auf den Kontext an, dann müsste sich das Zitat „مع الزمن سوف تنهار امريكا“ von asaad587, dessen Schreibe sich bedient, auf das Feuer in Notre Dame beziehen. Schreiber reißt das Zitat von asaad587 aus dem Zusammenhang, weil es eine Antwort ist auf den Tweet von dr_naseer über Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.

Zudem hat Schreiben asaad587 verkürzt zitiert. Das Zitat von asaad587 lautet vollständig: „مع الزمن سوف تنهار امريكا لان عدد الملونين سوف يزداد ويصبح اغلبيه“

Schreiber entkontextualisiert die Zitate von asaad587 in einer Weise, auf welche islamfeindliche Vorurteile bedient werden können. Das kann Muslimen gefährlich werden.

Jeder kann mal Fehler machen. Wichtig ist, die Fehler zu korrigieren, wenn man darauf hingewiesen wird.

Böhmermann’s complaint against Federal Republic of Germany dismissed

Today, the Berlin Administrative Court decided that TV presenter Jan Böhmermann has no right to demand an omission of the Federal Republic of Germany in connection with statements of the Federal Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel in a telephone conversation with Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu regarding the so-called „poem“ on Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Turks.

In April 2016, the spokesman of the Federal Government of Germany announced that the German Chancellor and the Turkish Prime Minister had agreed that this so-called „poem“ was a „deliberately infringing text“.

The plaintiff Böhmermann considered himself injured in its basic rights by the statement of the Federal Chancellor Merkel as well as the statement of the spokesman of the Federal Government of Germany at the Federal Governmental Press Conference which reported about the phone call of Davutoğlu and Merkel.

In the pre-trial Böhmermann called on the Federal Chancellor in vain for a written cease and desist. In May 2018 Böhmermann sued the Federal Republic of Germany for omission; In the alternative, he sought the court’s ruling that the public statement „deliberately infringing“ of April 2016 was unlawful. The Berlin Administrative Court dismissed the action.

Böhmermann’s injunction was inadmissible, because a repetition of the offending statement was not to be expected. Merkel had already distanced herself from her statement in April 2016.

In addition, the defendant Merkel had ruled in the court proceedings a repetition. The public statement was not unlawful. The Chancellor could rely on her competence as head of state.

The constitutional requirements for state communication were respected, the objectivity requirement was not violated. The statement does not constitute a criminal conviction, but is an acceptable value judgment based solely on the text of the so-called „poem“.

In addition, the declaration had expressly emphasized the high value which the Federal Government attaches to the freedom of the press and expression. Therefore, it was irrelevant for the assessment of the utterance, whether the so-called „poem“ in the context considered allowed satire.

The public statement upholds the principle of proportionality. It is justified by the public’s interest in German-Turkish relations and by the aim of transparent government action. By contrast, the declaration did not entail undue disadvantages for the applicant.

The Turkish community in Germany accuses Böhmermann of having used racist clichés against Turks in his so-called „poem“. „That was no clever satire, that was an insult. Despite all legitimate criticism of Erdoğan’s policy, the partly racist images in the poem are unacceptable. Böhmermann have shot over the target“, said Gökay Sofuoğlu, chairman of Almanya Türk Toplumu, an association of liberal Turks in Germany which is in opposition of AKPARTİ.

The fact hat Sofuoğlu’s and other secular Turks in Germany heavily oppose Böhmermann’s so-called „poem“ proves that this „deliberately infringing text“ caused outrage among the Turks regardless of their political or religious orientation.

Berlin überlässt Gülenisten-naher Stiftung wertvolles Grundstück für einen Euro

Das House of One in Berlin ist ein Projekt einer Gülenisten-nahen Stiftung. Gülenisten waren laut Gerichtsurteilen 2016 verantwortlich für einen blutigen Putschversuch in der Türkei. Selbst wenn das Land Berlin die Gülenisten derzeit noch nicht als Terrorgruppe einstuft, so warnt laut Medienberichten ein deutscher Geheimdienst vor Gülenisten. „Der Umstand, daß Aussteiger aus der Gülen-Bewegung bislang anonym bleiben, kann kaum als ein Indiz für Meinungs- und Entscheidungsfreiheit der Anhänger Gülens gewertet werden“, heißt es in einem deutschen Geheimdienst-Bericht.

Die Unternehmerin Frau Catherine von Fürstenberg Dussmann hat wohl die Gefährlichkeit der Gülenisten erkannt und sich als Förderin des House of One zurückgezogen.

Das Grundstück liegt in einer guten und begehrten Lage: zwischen Amazon’s zukünftigem Vorzeigeladen, Fraser’s Capri Hotel, Accor’s Novotel und dem Haus der Deutschen Wirtschaft, dem Sitz der drei Spitzenorganisationen der deutschen Industrie.

Weshalb wird es für einen Euro einer Stiftung für 99 Jahre zur Nutzung überlassen und nicht vermietet? Ist das Abgeordnetenhaus, in dem die SPD über die meisten Sitze verfügt, mit öffentlichem Eigentum verantwortungsvoll verfahren? Wurde das Gemeinwohl berücksichtigt?

Auch wenn die Gülenisten in Berlin noch nicht als Gefährder eingestuft sind, so wäre doch allein die Überlassung eines öffentlichen Grundstücks weit unter Verkehrswert brisant. Der Regierende Bürgermeister von Berlin, Michael Müller, ist von der SPD. Einer Quelle zufolge sind viele Gülenisten in der SPD organisiert.

Wenn man bedenkt, daß der Berliner Bürgermeister Müller zeitgleich mit dem umstrittenen 1-Euro-Deal den Vorsitz des Kuratoriums der Stiftung House of One übernahm, müßte die Opposition eigentlich einen Untersuchungsausschuss anregen. Auch SPD-Staatssekretärin Sawsan Chebli gilt als Unterstützerin des House of One.

Böhmermann v. Federal Republic of Germany

On 16 April 2019, the administrative court in Berlin is negotiating an injunction of plaintiff Jan Böhmermann – an entertainer of public broadcaster ZDF – against the Federal Republic of Germany and its bodies Chancellery as well as Press and Information Office of the Federal Government of Germany. According to a court spokesman, a verdict is expected for the same day.

On 3 April 2016, in a phone conversation with Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said about Böhmermann’s so-called „poem“ on Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Turks that it was „deliberately infringing“. Böhmermann wants to achieve that Merkel is forbidden to say that his so-called „poem“ is „deliberately infringing“. Böhmermann also wants the Federal Republic of Germany to delete the remark „deliberately hurtful“ from protocols and from the website https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-en

The so-called „poem“ which was broadcasted by ZDF:

„Dumb as a bag, cowardly and uptight

that’s what Erdoğan the President is.

His privates reek awfully of doner kebab,

even a pig fart smells nicer.

He’s the man who beats up girls

while he’s wearing rubber masks.

Most of all he likes fucking goats

and oppressing minorities,

kicking Kurds, whacking Christians

while watching child porn.

And even in the evenings, instead of sleep,

it’s all about fellatio with a hundred sheep.

Yes, Erdoğan is totally

a President with a small cock.

Every Turk is heard to warble,

that stupid twat has got wrinkled balls.

From Ankara to İstanbul

everyone knows, that man is gay,

perverted, lice-ridden and zoophile,

Recep Fritzl Přiklopil*.

His head as empty as his balls,

the star at every gangbang party

until his cock burns while peeing.

That’s Recep Erdoğan, the Turkish President.“

(*Fritzl Přiklopil was a sexual offender who kidnapped a ten years young girl in 1998 and sexually abused her for eight years until 2006)

Around three million Turks live in Germany. The so-called „poem“ caused an outcry among most of them. Most Turks – including those who politically oppose Erdoğan – think that Merkel was right to call so-called „poem“ „deliberately infringing“ as they think it is insulting a Turkish leader beyond the limits of permissible criticism.

The so-called „poem“ is seen amongst most Turks in Germany as rather anti-Turkish than anti-Erdoğan. Also a large majority of Turks are Muslims and do not feel comfortable with certain phrases which they consider to be Islamophobic.

Germany investigates alleged support of Hamas

The Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community of Germany said it launched investigations of alleged support of Hamas against German charity organizations Ansaar International and WWR-Help. Germany’s Federal Interior Minister Horst Seehofer said about the counter-Hamas operation: „Who supports Hamas under the guise of humanitarian aid, disregards fundamental values in our constitution*, thereby discrediting the commitment of many aid organizations which act neutrally under difficult conditions.“

German police said it has raided around 90 properties including offices and homes in nine states across Germany. Abu Rahma, head of Ansaar International in Düsseldorf, said police officers were brutally invading private houses of family members allegedly affiliated with Ansaar International, traumatizing women and children during the raids. Abu Rahma denied the support of terrorist organizations. He said his charity work is negatively affected by terminated bank accounts through German banks Postbank, Volksbank, N26, Sparkasse and Kreissparkasse. Banks declined to comment.

WWR-Help said it „has never contacted, supported or promoted terrorist or extremist organizations or persons and vehemently rejects such action!“ It was their goal „to help needy people directly with donations … independent of nationality, ethnicity, religion of these needy people.“

Janine Abuayyash, head of WWR-Help in Neuss, said Paypal suspended the WWR-Help Paypal account and her private Paypal account. Volksbank terminated her private bank account. „Now we ask all supporters and friends urgently for support and solidarity“, said Abuayyash who is a dental technician, not a dental assistant as German media outlets falsely referred to her.

Dr. Jörg Geerlings, lawmaker of the governing Christian party, was in Neuss a few hours before the raid at WWR-Help headquarter in Neuss started. Geerlings posted on Facebook that he had a dinner in Neuss shortly before the raid. He said at the dinner: „Terrorism is directed against our liberal democratic constitution*. The state must oppose these attacks and we must not let our own way of life take over.“

Ansaar International and WWR-Help are not the only charity associations under attack in Germany because of their donations to Palestinians. According to a source, the German branch of international humanitarian relief organisation WEFA has considered to terminate projects in Palestine because of being afraid of repressions by German authorities. Also the outlawed Turkish-German association İHH – not to be confused with the Turkish NGO İHH – without success struggled for eight years at court against its ban in Germany.

On May 31, 2010, the İHH Turkey-owned passenger ship MV Mavi Marmara and additional vessels of the Gaza Freedom Flotilla were boarded by Israeli forces in international waters. Three weeks later on 23 June 2010, the Federal Ministry of the Interior of Germany banned İHH in Germany. The Federal Ministry of the Interior of Germany ordered the monitoring of the telephone connections of members and employees of İHH. Germany confiscated the property of İHH. There was no prior hearing of the accused organization İHH because „the success of the seizure was otherwise threatened“, according to the Federal Constitutional* Court of Germany.

In 2012, the İHH prohibition order was confirmed by the Federal Administrative Court of Germany. In August 2018, the Federal Constitutional* Court of Germany confirmed the İHH prohibition order for alleged „support of Hamas“.

İHH was allegedly „against the idea of ​​international understanding and it contributed to the violence perpetrated by Hamas against the Israeli people by providing long-term and substantial financial support to social clubs in Palestine, which are attributable to Hamas. Hamas denies Israel’s right to exist and acts in an aggressive and militant way to fight members and institutions of the Israeli state with terrorist means. Their military, political and social components were merged“, said the verdict of the Federal Constitutional* Court of Germany confirming the İHH ban in Germany.

In its verdict, the Federal Constitutional* Court of Germany said that members of İHH’s board of trustees were allegedly affiliated to Millî Görüş.

Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu criticized Germany for banning İHH while remaining silent on the PKK terror against Turks and against Muslims in Germany.

Germany keeps the Palestinian resistance movement Hamas in its terror list despite strong objections by Hamas which describes itself as a national liberation movement practicing all types of legitimate resistance against the Israeli occupation of Palestine. The German government has been a strong supporter of Israel who is accused of committing international crimes as crimes against humanity and genocide.

Currently, a preliminary examination is ongoing by the International Criminal Court prosecutor focused on alleged crimes committed by Israeli forces in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, since 13 June 2014.

İHH, Millî Görüş, WEFA, WWR-Help, Ansaar International and other organizations are targeted by Germany just because of their peaceful support for the people of Palestine. Organizations as İHH were prohibited on the basis of the German Associations Act because of allegedly „contravening the concept of international understanding“. As it is publicly known, Germany supports the Israeli government and armed forces militarily and financially.

Germany’s militarily and financially support for the Israeli government and armed forces are not seen by Germany’s court as contravening the concept of international understanding, despite the fact that Israel’s government and armed forces continuously violate International Humanitarian Law.

If the International Criminal Court in The Hague convicts Israeli officials of committing international crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory, Germany finally has to stop its support for Israel and to stop its repression policy against charity organizations which donate humanitarian aide for Palestine.

*Germany has no constitution. Germany has a Basic Law. The term constitution was deliberately avoided by the drafters of the Basic Law. The Basic Law of Germany is a provisional interim arrangement until the people of Germany would adopt a constitution.

Article 146 of Germany’s Basic Law says: „This Basic Law, which since the achievement of the unity and freedom of Germany applies to the entire German people, shall cease to apply on the day on which a constitution freely adopted by the German people takes effect.“

The Basic Law was never submitted to a popular vote. Therefore, until today, Germany remains without a constitution.

„Military take-over is not the appropriate response to the challenges facing Sudan“

In an address on state television, the Sudanese First Vice President and Minister of Defence Lieutenant General Awad Mohamed Ahmed Ibn Auf, announced a two-year period of military rule to be followed by presidential elections. Ibn Auf said President Omar Al Bashir was being detained in a „safe place“ and a military council would now run the country. Ibn Auf will head the new Military Transitional Council.

The United States suspended discussions with Sudan on normalizing relations between the two countries. The State Department, while declining to declare the takeover a coup, said it supported a peaceful and democratic Sudan and believed the Sudanese people should be allowed a peaceful transition sooner than only in two years. „The Sudanese people should determine who leads them in their future,“ spokesman Robert Palladino said. „The Sudanese people have been clear that they have been demanding a civilian-led transition. They should be allowed to do so sooner than two years from now.“

The Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, is closely monitoring the ongoing developments in Sudan, in particular the announcement of Ibn Auf on the suspension of the Constitution, the dissolution of the National Assembly, the formation of a military-led transitional government which will rule for two years, and the arrest of President Omar Al Bashir, as well as the imposition of a state of emergency for three months.

Faki expresses the African Union conviction that the military take-over is not the appropriate response to the challenges facing Sudan and the aspirations of its people. Faki also recalls the 2000 Lomé Declaration on the unconstitutional change of Government and the African Charter on Democracy, Elections, and Governance, which strongly condemn any unconstitutional change of Government and commit member states to the respect of the rule of law, democratic principles and human rights. In view of the ongoing developments, Faki reiterates these provisions, and looks forward to the Peace and Security Council meeting swiftly to consider the situation and take the appropriate decisions. 
 
In the meantime, Faki urges all concerned to exercise calm and utmost restraint and to respect the rights of citizens, foreign nationals and private property in the interest of the country and its people.
 
Faki further appeals to all stakeholders to engage in an inclusive dialogue to create the conditions that will make it possible to meet the aspirations of the Sudanese people to democracy, good governance and well-being and restore constitutional order as soon as possible. 
 
Faki expresses the African Union solidarity with the people of Sudan, and pledges its commitment and readiness to support Sudan during this period, in line with the relevant AU instruments and principles.

The Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan called for national reconciliation in Sudan. Answering reporters’ questions following the press conference, President Erdoğan, in response to a question regarding the military coup in Sudan, said: „My wish is that Sudan should succeed in this calmly and I believe at this point that Sudan should resolve this issue in a peaceful and brotherly manner and allow the normal democratic process to work. It is my most important wish that Sudan gets over this process on the basis of national reconciliation and in peace.“

Erdoğan, who has deepened Turkey’s investments in Sudan recently, said the two countries had deep relations that Turkey wanted to maintain. “Sudan is a country that we have deep-rooted historical relations with, and we are certainly in favor of the continuation of these deep-rooted relations“, Erdoğan said.

“We are determined to further our cooperation with African countries on the basis of mutual respect”, Erdoğan said. Erdoğan became the first Turkish president to visit Khartoum in 2017, when Turkey signed several deals worth $650 million with Sudan as it emerged from two decades of U.S. sanctions. Al-Bashir also participated in the Islamic summit in İstanbul shortly before Erdoğan’s trip to Sudan.

On July 15, 2016 many Sudanese gathered in front of the Turkish embassy in Khartoum to express their solidarity and support with the people of Turkey after a bloody coup attempt.

Sudan was the first African country which closed all schools with ties to the Gülenist Terror Group FETÖ which was accountable for the 15 July coup attempt. Sudan has signed an agreement with the Turkish Maarif Education Foundation to hand over FETÖ-affiliated schools.

On 11 April 2019, Turkish Airlines wanted to open a flight connection from İstanbul to Port Sudan, capital of the Sudanese Red Sea state. Turkish Airlines will most probably postpone flights to Port Sudan until 2020.

Sudan has various economic potential and a good chance to find a way for a peaceful solution to present challenges. Now, the national dialogue may help to achieve unity and peace for Sudan.

The peace process in the neighboring country South Sudan is also challenged by the latest events. The Vatican press service Fides quoted an unnamed observer from Southern Sudan as saying that former Sudanese President al-Bashir had been the driving force behind the September 12 agreement between South Sudanese President Salva Kiir and his political rival, ex-vice-president Riek Machar.

Among other things, according to Fides, al-Bashir was interested in restoring crude oil production in South Sudan with a stable peace. If a change of power in Khartoum leads to internal insecurity and a weakening of the political pressure on the peace process in the South, new instability in South Sudan could result, according to the Fides analyst.

Today, the Vatican brought together South Sudanese leaders for 24 hours of prayer and preaching inside the pope’s residence. Pope Francis, in a dramatic gesture after an unprecedented retreat at the Vatican, knelt to kiss the feet of South Sudan’s previously warring leaders today as he urged them to not return to a civil war.

He appealed to President Salva Kiir, his former deputy turned rebel leader Riek Machar, and three other vice presidents to respect an armistice they signed and commit to forming a unity government next month.

„I am asking you as a brother to stay in peace. I am asking you with my heart, let us go forward. There will be many problems but they will not overcome us. Resolve your problems,“ Francis said in improvised remarks.

German arms and soldiers in Yemen

The federal government of Germany decided on 10 April 2019 that Germany will participate in the United Nations Mission to support the Hodeidah Agreement (UNMHA). Germany will deploy soldiers and policemen including the senior post „chief assessment UNMHA“. German foreign minister Heiko Maas said: „The ceasefire in Hodeidah is and will remain central to entry into a political peace process, the chance for a nationwide ceasefire, and relief for the humanitarian catastrophe in Yemen. Therefore, it is right that we also contribute with German experts. With this decision, we comply with a request from the United Nations. Germany is committed to a peaceful and sustainable solution to the Yemen conflict under the auspices of the UN.“

For the first time, the federal government of Germany has admitted that combat aircraft „Eurofighter“ and „Tornado“ are used in the assault on Yemen. In a classified meeting of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the German parliament „Bundestag“, it became known that the federal government of Germany has its own intelligence on the use of „Eurofighter“ and „Tornado“ fighter aircraft in Yemen.

Both fighter jets are developed and built by Germany together with other countries such as Great Britain and Italy. The federal government of Germany has always stated that it has no indications of such operations. Most recently, Germany’s federal minister of economic affairs, Peter Altmaier, stressed in February 2019 that he had „no knowledge“ that German armaments technology would be used in Yemen.

Germany’s federal minister of economic affairs may have missed some German armaments technology indeed used in Yemen.

Saudi Arabia received a total of 72 Eurofighters. About 30 per cent of these Eurofighter Typhoon consist of German components. Saudi Arabia participates with them in the air attacks against targets in Yemen and flies the majority of the air attacks.

Saudi Arabia probably also uses Luna reconnaissance drones in Yemen from German Elektro-Mechanische Technologien (EMT) in Penzberg. Ten drones were delivered from 2011 to 2012.

Between 2010 and 2015, arms manufacturer Nexter had delivered 132 CAESAR self-propelled 155 mm/52-calibre gun-howitzer to Saudi Arabia, with the Unimog chassis and diesel engines for this weapon system coming from Germany. The engine is from Mercedes-Benz in Stuttgart.

In February 2019, media reported military vehicles in use in Yemen carry German-developed FeWas weapons stations by Dynamit Nobel Defence in Würgendorf (Burbach).

A source identified several large military trucks in a convoy in Yemen by Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles GmbH (RMMV), a joint venture of Rheinmetall (51 percent) and truck manufacturer MAN (49 percent) based in Munich.

G3 assault rifles, G36 assault rifles, MG4 light machine guns (all produced by Heckler & Koch in Oberndorf am Neckar) and MG 3 general-purpose machine gun by Rheinmetall can be seen in photographs from Yemen.

In Yemen, the war coalition uses inter alia MK80 series bombs (various types from 250 to 2000 pounds) and artillery ammunition, which are manufactured by RWM Italia. On 17 April 2018, a coalition of human rights organisations filed a complaint in Italy against officials from the Italian foreign ministry and RWM Italia.

Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have documented the use of Paveway IV missiles and Mk83 bombs in Yemen. At the beginning of 2017, a United Nations commission of experts came to the conclusion that several deployments of these weapons raise substantial doubts as to their admissibility under the rules of war or international humanitarian law.

On 8 November 2018, Saudi Arabia made a $1 billion bid for a broad partnership with Denel that would include acquisition of a minority stake in a joint venture with Germany’s Rheinmetall. According to a source, Saudi Arabia was targeting Denel’s 49 percent stake in Rheinmetall Denel Munition (RDM) which is a joint venture of Rheinmetall Waffe Munition (51 percent) in Unterlüß and Denel.

The UAE Navy is participating in the naval blockade of allegedly around 20 warships,which also includes corvettes from Germany.The „Muray Jibclass missile corvettes“ of the Emirati Navy—Germany delivered two of the Lürssen CM65 corvettes to the UAE between 1990 and 1991—are said to have been involved in the naval blockade, and one of the two used mine-hunting ships of the Frankenthal class, which were exported in 2006 and have since been modernised, accompanied the Emirati warships such as the Baynunah corvettes, which are also part of the naval blockade and which are equipped with MLG 27 on-board guns manufactured by Rheinmetall in Oberndorf.

Approved German arms exports to countries of the Saudi-led war coalition in Yemen

Recipient country / Approval of arms exports 2015 – 2018 (in Euro)

Egypt 1,141,076,525

Bahrain 22,540,246

Jordan 64,976,894

Qatar 1,716,319,462

Kuwait 201,751,411

Morocco 29,213,479

Saudi-Arabia 1,470,627,873

Senegal 281,245

Sudan 169,000

UAE 535,866,193

Arms export licences up to and including 26 December 2018. Total values for 2018 derived from parliamentary questions to the federal government. The dates of withdrawal from the coalition of Qatar (June 2017) and Morocco (April 2018) were taken into account in the aggregation of the figures.

A‌i‌r‌b‌n‌b violates international humanitarian law in Palestine and Syria

Airbnb said on 9 April 2019 it would not implement a planned delisting of Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian West Bank. The platform continues to be available for bookings in ​Israeli ​settlements in occupied Palestinian and Syrian territory including West Bank, East Jerusalem and Golan Heights.

A‌i‌r‌b‌n‌b‌ is a U.S. company that operates a hospitality service. ​Customers can use the service to arrange or offer lodging, primarily home-stays. A‌i‌r‌b‌n‌b revenue was $2.6 billion in 2017.

A‌i‌r‌b‌n‌b‌ offers accommodations in the occupied territories East Jerusalem, Golan Heights and West Bank. Airbnb had said in November ​2018 ​it would remove the listings of some 200 settlement homes in West Bank. That decision was deplored by Israel and challenged in some U.S.​ ​jurisdictions.
Announcing a resolution of lawsuits brought against it, Airbnb said​ it „will not move forward with implementing the removal of listings in the West Bank from the platform.​ W​e will continue to allow listings throughout all of the West Bank, but Airbnb will take no profits from this activity in the region.“ But illegitimate owners of residential property in the occupied Palestinian territories will take profits from their activity in compliance with Airbnb.

Due to international humanitarian law​,​ this business activity in occupied terroritoriy is illegal.​ ​In the early years of the occupation, the main ploy that Israel used to take over land for building settlements was to seize the land “for military purposes”. Military seizure orders were issued for some 3,100 hectares of land, most of which were earmarked for building settlements. Several Palestinians petitioned Israel’s High Court of Justice (HCJ), arguing that the seizure violated international law, since it served a civilian purpose of building a settlement rather than true military needs.
​The Israeli military occupation forces then came up with a​ new approach ​which​made it much easier to disseize​ Palestinian soil ​by declar​ing it as Israelie state land, even when the land in question was considered private or collective Palestinian property under British and later Jordanian rule. One method for achieving this was requiring Palestinians to regularly cultivate farmland as a prerequisite to acquiring ownership rights; another was to disregard the provisions of local law, which grants Palestinian communities collective rights to use grazing areas and other public land.
By employing these new tactics, from 1979 to 2002 Israel declared more than 90,000 hectares of land as state land. There are now some 120,000 hectares of state land in Area C, constituting 36.5% of Area C and 22% of the entire West Bank. An additional 20,000 hectares of state land are located in areas A and B, where planning is in the hands of the Palestinian Authority.

The establishment of the settlements contravenes international humanitarian law, which states that an occupying power may not relocate its own citizens to the occupied territory or make permanent changes to that territory, unless these are needed for imperative military needs, in the narrow sense of the term, or undertaken for the benefit of the local population.

The existence of settlements also leads to the violation of many human rights of Palestinians, including the rights to property, equality, an adequate standard of living and freedom of movement. In addition, the radical changes that Israel has made to the map of the West Bank preclude any real possibility of establishing an independent, viable Palestinian state in fulfilment of the right to self-determination. Although the West Bank is not part of Israel’s sovereign territory, Israeli has applied most of its domestic laws to the settlements and their residents.
As a result, the settlers enjoy almost all the same privileges as citizens living within Israel. Meanwhile, Palestinians continue to live under martial law and are thereby systematically deprived of their rights and denied the ability to have any real impact on policymaking with respect to the territory in which they live. In creating this reality, Israel has formed a regime in which a person’s rights depend on his or her national identity.

Israel has refrained from formally annexing the West Bank (except in East Jerusalem). In practice, however, it treats the settlements established throughout Area C as extensions of its sovereign territory and has virtually eliminated the distinction for Israeli citizens – while concentrating the Palestinian population in 165 disconnected “islands” (Areas A and B).
This double movement, of Israeli settlers taking over more and more West Bank land and Palestinians being pushed aside, has been a consistent mainstay of Israeli policy in the West Bank since 1967, with all Israeli legislative, legal, planning, funding and defense bodies working towards that end.

As long as Airbnb allows illegitimate owners of residential property in the occupied Palestinian territories to profit from unlawful acts as illegal expropriation of land or theft of soil to the detriment of the ​l​egitimate​ ​owners, one should carefully consider whether Airbnb is a platform that suits you.